Cervical polyps are the most frequent primary tumor of the uterine cervix, with an estimated incidence of up to 30% of women, being more frequent in multiparous between 40 and 60 years of age. Hyperplastic proliferative processes of the endocervical mucosa are considered more than true neoplasms. They are considered benign structures and their malignant transformation is exceptionally rare reported as low as 2 to 3 per thousand. Most are asymptomatic and are incidentally diagnosed.
The stroma of the polyp is made by connective tissue surrounding a vascular axis with dilated vessels. Its surface is covered with columnar epithelium. Several types of polyps can be distinguished according to their composition being the endocervical or mucosecretor subtype the most frequent (almost 70%) which is formed by normal endocervical epithelium. The second most common uterine polyp is the endometrial, which undergoes cyclic changes characteristic of this type of epithelium. Other less frequent are vascular, fibrous, inflammatory, pseudodecidual and sarcomatous.